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Landlord Warning - many face 80 per cent sky-rocketing costs

A respected financial body is warning that landlords face rising costs of up to 80 per cent in the next two years.

The Intermediary Mortgage Lenders Association says many small scaler landlords with mortgages face the prospect of struggling to break even in the next two years, with their cost of borrowing soaring by an anticipated 80 per cent as they refinance off historically low fixed rates. 

The research unveiled the following facts about a landlord’s typical financial position - the median average annual rental income is now £14,000 with the median average annual profit being less than £9,000. And the average expected increase in annual interest payments by 2025 is £7,700.


IMLA’s new research says that contrary to popular belief, most landlords do not have significant resources to draw on outside their rental business. On average, landlords’ non-rental income is roughly in line with tenant income, except in London where tenants earn substantially more.

The research found that 80 per cent of landlords own one or two properties, making up 61 per cent of private rented stock, while 13 per cent are classed as portfolio landlords owning four or more properties accounting for 39 per cent. 

Despite a surge in the number of landlords setting up corporate structures since the removal of tax deduction for interest rates in 2017, only 10 per cent of all rented property is held in limited companies, with 90 per cent still held in personal names. Just three per cent of the UK private rental sector is owned by institutional investors.

Changes to tax and legislation have already impacted the viability of many of these small businesses. 

While only 36 per cent of respondents in this research believed they were paying more tax as a result of the removal of the mortgage interest deduction, based on the income data supplied by respondents, IMLA calculates that 58 per cent will actually be paying more tax. 

Meanwhile, 64 per cent of respondents said increased regulation had hiked their costs, rising to 73 per cent of portfolio landlords. When asked what impact a mandatory rent freeze would have on their rental business, seven per cent said they would be forced to sell property or exit the market.

Despite the serious challenges to their business, IMLA says the one heartening takeaway is that the majority of landlords are committed to remaining in the PRS for the longer term. 

The association forecasts that 53 per cent of mortgaged landlords plan to buy more rental property over the next five years, as do 25 per cent of unmortgaged investors. Only 21 and 17 per cent respectively say they will sell property in that timeframe. 

Kate Davies, executive director of IMLA, comments: “The PRS plays a vital role in the UK’s housing landscape, providing homes to 20% of households. While a great deal of attention is, quite rightly, paid to the difficulties faced by tenants, there has been surprisingly little understanding of landlord finances and the strains on these, until now.

“Our research shows that many landlords are small businesses with modest financial turnover and trading profits, facing rapidly rising costs. Sadly, reality dictates that many mortgaged landlords will have no choice but to increase rents in order to keep their businesses viable, while debt-free landlords may well do the same in order to make an adequate return, even if that is lower than current returns available elsewhere.

“There are tough times ahead for all parties in the PRS, and it is in everyone’s interest to understand the pressures involved. Landlords’ tenacity is to be commended – it is a great relief that so many plan to stay in the sector and increase supply when they can. Policymakers should beware adopting any policies which could upset what is already a delicate balance, and ensure they do nothing further to deter the small businesses which form the backbone of the PRS from continuing to invest.”

Want to comment on this story? If so...if any post is considered to victimise, harass, degrade or intimidate an individual or group of individuals on any basis, then the post may be deleted and the individual immediately banned from posting in future.

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    53% of mortgaged landlords plan to buy more rental property over the next five years? Really? Next you will be telling us the Tories are on course to win the election. 🤣


    😂😂👍🏻 well I am not one of the 53%, I am on the pathway of selling everything. Time to enjoy life.


    No idea whom these 53% are....do they really exist

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    • A JR
    • 08 December 2023 07:20 AM

    What research? Research is NOT research if the parameters and detail are ‘conveniently absent’. This is all too typical of interested parties fabricating falsehoods from the thin air. Utter rubbish!

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    A fox looking after its hens!

    A very bizarre article favouring mortgage lenders' view of the world trying to allay the fear of landlords exiting the market which means their golden goose finally being cooked!

    Financial institutions have profited the most out of these hikes in interest rates and not a sausage is said about it.

  • Nic  Kaz

    Only 17% planning to sell a property in the next five years? How on earth did they frame the question? “Provided Section 21 is protected, section 24 repealed, EPC left alone, interest rates drop and you don’t get any older, would you keep hold of your PRS Property for the next half-decade?’
    Zoopla say 1 in 10 properties for sale at the moment are landlord owned and that isn’t going to get less as legislation bites harder…

  • Getting out  Landlord


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    Some of these articles are laughable 😂🎅🏻

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    I'm not planning to sell anything but I'm also not planning to buy anything.
    Those plans may change.
    The health of myself or my husband may force a decision.
    The stress of dealing with a rogue tenant may push me to sell.
    A very tempting property may leap into my consciousness.
    Right now mortgage rates are too high and rents too low for much to stack.

  • icon

    I have about £1 million mortgage debt on a £4 million portfolio and currently pay around £20,000 interest but gain over £60,000 gross rent on the mortgaged proportion.

    However once my fixed rates end, between late 2025 and 2027, I might be paying nearly as much in gross interest as the gross rental income, which will cost me an extra £15,000 or so tax on the gross rent as I will be paying more than 45% tax whilst only getting 20% tax relief on the mortgage interest.

    Unless interest rates are less than feared between 2025 and 2027, Section 24 is repealed or property prices increase substantially, I will seriously consider offloading some flats for the first time in about 20 years.

    When long term mortgage interest rates were under 2%, I took the view that they were actually interest free as the 20 year prospective interest cost of 40% before tax was the same as iht and the net cost of 32% not too different from the cgt avoided by holding on to property bought, maintained and retained using other peoples' money.

    I'm hoping that the sums will still favour retention but if not, 10 or 12 Glasgow students will not have such nice flats to live in.

    Families have long since been denied the opportunity to live in any of my properties since the SNP outlawed fixed terms tenancies in December 2017.


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