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First time ever - Landlord loses right to overturn Banning Order

A landlord who was banned from letting properties after repeatedly failing to meet the required standards, has lost an appeal to overturn her ban.

Bristol council successfully defended the appeal from Naomi Knapp, a landlord with a large portfolio of properties in the city.

This was the first time The Upper Tribunal (Lands Chamber) has heard an appeal against a banning order under the Housing and Planning Act 2016.


Knapp owns 29 properties and the council was concerned about her management of that portfolio: the authority claims those concerns led to Knapp being prosecuted for, and pleading guilty to, eight banning order offences. 

These included fire safety issues as well as poor conditions witnessed in the communal areas of the properties. 

She was fined £22,000 for those offences in April 2021.

The council then applied for a banning order to the First-tier Tribunal, who in August 2022, imposed a five-year ban. 

The order banned the landlord from letting housing, engaging in letting agency work, and engaging in property management work; giving her six-months to sort out the management of her existing tenants.

Knapp was granted permission to appeal on six grounds, and each appeal has now been dismissed. 

The original tribunal had correctly assessed the seriousness of the offences for which she had been convicted and had also correctly concluded that banning orders were capable of applying to existing tenancies, rather than applying only to the initial act of granting a tenancy.

A council spokesperson says: “This is an important case for Bristol City Council, and the first of its kind in the country. 

“Having a safe and secure roof over our heads is key to ensuring we all have the best possible opportunity to live a happy and healthy life but, unfortunately, many renters still live in fear of spiralling costs, poor quality housing, and unfair evictions. 

“We are working hard to make sure that people living in private rented accommodation have adequate protections and decent living standards. We will take action to crack down on criminal landlords who do not meet the legal requirements for a safe and secure living environment.”

The original tribunal stated that the purpose of the legislation is to remove rogue landlords from the private rented sector, and to prevent them from exploiting tenants in the future. 

The Tribunal was satisfied that a total fine of £22,000 was a severe sentence, and highlighted Knapp’s lack of understanding of the legal requirements.

In addition, Knapp’s failure to follow up on her proposals to improve things demonstrated her unwillingness to change matters for the better and her acceptance of the risk that her management of the properties might be below the required standard.

The council says any tenant who rents from Knapp does not need to do anything at this point – the Banning Order does not change a renter’s legal rights and does not necessarily mean they will need to leave their properties. 

However, if they are concerned about their rights they should contact the council or Citizen’s Advice Bureau for support.

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  • icon

    If she is being banned from doing the job of being a landlord how are the tenants being managed. Who collects the rent maintains the property?

  • Peter Why Do I Bother

    So basically she signs it over to letting agents for existing tenancies, let them deal with it and she is back in play. Any that are empty she is knackered

  • icon

    Seems to me, she got what she deserves!

  • EverythingPRS

    Sounds like her portfolio got too big for her to manage alone… good result I’d say!
    It’s these types of people that give good landlords a bad name

  • icon

    Well what ever the rights & wrongs are and if everyone wants the safe & secure roof over their heads as Council says.
    Then let the Council provide it no one stopping them rather than Banning Orders and what happens to the £22’000, the Councils Salaries are paid for by the tax payers.
    Some Tribunal members are ex- Council employees. I am not going to say ask my brother am I a Rogue
    Any Tenants that’s not happy renting simply buy your own, it will be no use running to the Council to complain about the Mortgage Co, the Council won’t be prosecuting them.
    I am not talking sides but the results always seem to be the same, LL pleaded guilty and gets a big gets fined.


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