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Soaring Capital Gains Tax and Income Tax - who pays what?

Britain’s top 100,000 taxpayers footed an average income and capital gains tax bill of £559,000 each in 2021/22.

That’s up by 18 per cent from the £475,000 in the previous year. They also paid 24.1 per cent of HMRC’s annual tab from this tax, despite accounting for just 0.3 per cent of UK taxpayers. 

This is according to a new Freedom of Information Request made by Wealth Club to HMRC.


Meanwhile the top 100 taxpayers in the UK collectively paid £4.6 billion of income and capital gains tax in 2021/22, the equivalent of £46m each. This is a 14 per cent increase from the £3.9 billion paid in the year before.

Alex Davies, founder of high-net-worth investment service, Wealth Club comments: “It is commonly claimed that wealthy individuals do not pay their fair share of tax. These figures prove what a myth that is. In fact, 100,000 people paid £55 billion in tax, a staggering 24 per cent of all income and capital gains receipts, despite making up just 0.3 per cent of taxpayers.

“Moreover, the overall income and capital gains tax take they are paying has risen by 45 per cent in just five years, meaning not only are they paying more, but they are shouldering more of the increasingly heavy burden.

“Meanwhile the top 100 people in the UK paid on average over £46m each in tax, contributing two per cent of the UK’s total income and capital gains tax receipts, despite accounting for just 0.0003 per cent of the income and capital gains tax paying population.

“The message is clear for politicians of all persuasions when deciding future tax policy – tread very carefully.  

“The wealthy are a mobile bunch, proven by the fact that an estimated 3,200 millionaires are expected to leave the UK this year. And they pay a significant proportion of the UK’s tax. If the top 100 taxpayers up sticks and move to sunnier tax climates, that would be £4.6 billion less in tax receipts. If the top 1,000 taxpayers migrated out of the UK, that figure would rise to £11.5 billion, leaving a massive gap in the country’s finances.”

Combined Income and CGT liability

Top (N) Taxpayers







£2.1 bn

£2.3 bn

£2.7 bn

£3.9 bn

£4.6 bn


£6.3 bn

£6.7 bn

£7.4 bn

£9.9 bn

£11.5 bn


£16.3 bn

£17.1 bn

£18.4 bn

£22.5 bn

£26.6 bn


£30.0 bn

£31.12 bn

£33.2 bn

£38.1 bn

£45.0 bn


£38.5 bn

£39.8 bn

£42.2 bn

£47.5 bn

£55.9 bn

Tax paid by all UK Income & CGT taxpayers

£190 bn

£199 bn

£198.4 bn

£209.7 bn


Population of all UK Income & CGT taxpayers






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    I'm not a millionaire, but I still moved overseas. There was still a considerable tax advantage in doing so. Especially in respect of CGT, I am in my 70's and I am selling up my portfolio. Zero CGT so far even on a house bought in 1975. Altough the reduced allowance os £3k coming in next April is likely to affect that.

  • icon

    There's a tipping point for most entrepreneurs. They should carefully evaluate how successful political parties have been with their money. It's a question of making economic use of taxation - successive UK governments have sunk into a mire of political rhetoric and wasted fortunes.

  • icon

    Wait till Starmer and his cronies get in . Then watch them flood out of the UK.

  • icon

    About the only thing in Economics that Ronald Reagan understood was the Laffer curve, which demonstrates that increasing the tax burden eventually leads to a lower tax take as the incentive to work harder or risk further investment is reduced beyond the point of being worthwhile and so less work is done or less invested by the highest earners, who can also easily move to lower tax areas.

    Real life examples are the state of the Scottish economy due to the SNP taxing middle income earners much more than the rest of the UK, the reluctance of senior doctors to do extra shifts because of punitive tax claw back on compulsory pension contributions,and of course taxing landlords on turnover and not profit due to Section 24.

    Even current Tories don't get the folly of these behaviours. What chance will we have with Comrade Rayner reaping revenge on landlords and the middle class she despises so much, simply because we waited until adulthood, marriage and economic responsibility before breeding?


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